ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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ACTUAL CASH VALUE Definition
ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV) is the common method of determining the amount of reimbursement for a loss. Normally calculated by determining what it will cost to replace an item at the time of loss after subtracting depreciation.
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INCOMPATIBLE DUTIES arise in internal control systems because positive control relies on separation of duties to reduce the chance of errors or fraud. Duties are incompatible if they should be separated for control. For example, one person should not be in a position to both embezzle funds and to hide that embezzlement by changing the recorded accountability.
STRATEGIC COST MANAGEMENT is the overall recognition of the cost relationships among the activities in the value chain, and the process of managing those cost relationships to a firm's advantage. Also known as Cost Management Theory.