ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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BETA, generally, is a measure of systematic risk of a security; the tendency of a security's returns to correlate with swings in the broad market. More specifically, the beta is an indicator or statistical measure of the relative volatility of a stock, fund, or other security in comparison with the market as a whole. The beta for the market is 1.00. Stocks with betas above 1.0 are more responsive to the market, but are also more risky investments. Stocks with a beta below 1.0 tend to move in the opposite direction of the market. For example, if the market moves 10%, a stock with a beta of 3.00 will move 30%; a stock with a beta of .5 will move 5%.
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INDIFFERENCE POINT is that point on the indifference curve where the compared values intersect. See INDIFFERENCE CURVE.
EQUITY INSTRUMENT covers any share (or part thereof) in the equity share capital of a company (or a comparable member's interest in a close corporation). The term also includes share options and any other financial instrument convertible into a share (such as a convertible debenture).