ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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FACTORING is the practice of buying debt at a discount, e.g., if somebody owes you $10,000 payable within a year, a factoring lender may pay you $9,000 for the debt. You receive $9,000 cash quickly, but at the cost of the $1,000 discount.
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INVESTMENT GRADE, in securities, is a high credit rating indicating bonds generally considered to have the strongest possibility of paying interest and repaying principal when due. Standard & Poor's Corporation considers investment grade bonds to be those it rates from AAA through BBB. Moody's considers investment grade to be from AAA to Baa3. Below investment grade bonds also are known as high yield or junk bonds. The NAIC designates investment grade bonds with the numerical rating of "I" or "2".
GENERALLY ACCEPTED AUDITING STANDARDS (GAAS), in the US, are the broad rules and guidelines set down by the Auditing Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). In carrying out work for a client, a certified public accountant would apply the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) if they fail to do so, they can be held to be in violation of the AICPAs code of professional ethics.