ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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FLOAT is 1. the time between the deposit of checks in a bank and when the amount is truly accessible; 2. the amount of funds represented by checks that have been written but not yet presented for payment. Some entities will play the float by writing checks although there are insufficient funds actually on deposit to cover the checks; and, 3. total shares outstanding less any shares held by officers, directors or beneficial owners of 10% or more. Also called publicly held shares.
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EXPECTATION GAP, in accounting, is the gap between an auditors actual standard of performance and the more rigorous public expectation of what an auditors performance should be. The users of financial statements should be allowed to expect that the auditors materiality levels correspond with their own. If this is not the case an expectation gap will arise. Especially if the financial statements contain non-corrected known errors or omissions classified as immaterial by the auditor, but classified as material by the users. The unknown material errors and omissions are still a part of the audit risk.
CRAT is an acronym for Charitable Remainder Annuity Trust.