ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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FUND BALANCE Definition
FUND BALANCE is when liabilities are subtracted from assets, there is a fund balance. A positive fund balance means there are more assets than liabilities; a negative fund balance means just the opposite. Fund balance can be complicated by the fact that part of the fund balance is reserved and part unreserved. The difference between reserved and unreserved is that the unreserved can potentially be authorized for future expenditures while the reserved cannot. Additionally, the fund balance is a residual and not necessarily a cash amount.
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CAPITALIZED INTEREST is the accrued interest added to the principal balance of a loan while you are not making payments or your payments are insufficient to cover both the principal and interest due. When this occurs, you are paying interest on interest, sometimes called "negative amortization".
NONCOMPETITIVE BID, in securities, is a bid allowed to be placed on a noncompetitive basis by the U.S. Treasury at one of its securities auctions. A bidder in this case does not specify the price at which it wishes to purchase these securities. However, at the close of bidding, it is awarded all or part of the number of bonds it asked for at the average price of all the accepted competitive bids.