ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION Definition
GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (GNMA) is a corporation owned by the U.S. Government within the Department of Housing and Urban Development with the authority to fully guarantee the timely payment of principal and interest on securities collateralized by FHA-insured or VA-guaranteed mortgages. GNMA is commonly called "Ginnie Mae:' GNMA I securities are single-issuer pools. GNMA II securities are collateralized by multiple-issuer pools or custom pools (one issuer but different interest rates that may vary within one percentage point). Multiple-issuer pools are known as "Jumbos:' Standard GNMAs have a stated maturity of 30 years.
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FUNDS TRANSFER is money that is withdrawn from one account and transferred into a different account. See also ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER.
FUNCTIONAL-BASED ACCOUNTING focuses on organizational units such as departments and plants, uses financial outcome measures and static standards and benchmarks to evaluate performance, and emphasizes status quo and organizational stability. On the other hand, activity-based accounting focuses on processes, uses both operational and financial measures and dynamic standards, and emphasizes and supports continuous improvement. Activity-based accounting adds a process perspective.