ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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INDEPENDENT AUDIT Definition
INDEPENDENT AUDIT is an examination of financial statements conducted by an outside CPA (one not employed by the firm being examined) according to generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS) for the purpose of expressing an opinion as to whether the statements are a fair presentation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
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SUFFICIENCY, in accounting, is a measure of the quantity of audit evidence. The independent auditor's objective is to obtain sufficient appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for an opinion.
CIRCA means about or approximately. It is used before a year, e.g. circa 2008.