ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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INITIATIVE is a key action program developed to achieve objectives or close gap between measures performance and targets. Initiatives are often known as projects, actions, or activities. They differ from objectives in that they are more specific, have stated boundaries (beginning and end), have a person/team assigned to accomplish them, and have a budget. Several initiatives taken together may support a specific objective or theme. It is important for an organization to define the boundaries for Initiatives, such as “all strategic projects over $500k in size”. It is also important that Initiatives be strategic in nature, and not “operations as usual” projects, such as “Recruit a new Sales Rep." Example: “Develop Quality Management Program”, “Install ERP System”, “Revamp Supply Chain Process”, “Develop Competencies Model."
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SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATON INVENTORY VALUATION is a method of valuing and tracking inventory where each item can be identified. Specific identification is most often used for large, easily traceable items, such as furniture or vehicles. If tracking each individual inventory item is not practical, the inventory can be valued using other accepted methods, such as the first-in, first-out method (FIFO) or the last-in, first-out method (LIFO).
PREVENTATIVE CONTROL is a control designed to avoid an unintended event.