ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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MODIFIED INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN Definition
MODIFIED INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN is the rate of return which equates the initial investment with the terminal value, where the terminal value is the future value of the cash inflows compounded at the required rate of return (the opportunity cost of capital).
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MARGIN is a. in accounting see GROSS MARGIN; or, b. in securities, it is the process whereby investors are allowed to buy securities on credit. By buying on margin, the investor significantly increases the leverage, or risk/return potential, of the investment. For example, a purchase of $100 worth of stock with cash of $50 means a four to one increase in value if the stock doubles (versus a two to one increase if the purchase is all cash). On the other hand, if the stock declines, the investor would be forced either to put up more cash or sell the stock at a loss to meet margin requirements established by the Federal Reserve Bank. The margin rules currently stipulate that an investor must maintain 50% of the total market value of the securities in the account in cash.
DEPRECIATION ALLOCATION is the allocation of the cost of capital expenditures so that revenue is matched with expenses for items that will last more than one year (land is not depreciable). The methodology is to allocate plant and equipment cost to expense through the use of accelerated, straight line and units of production amortization methods; as well as the disposal of assets; and, repairs and betterments to assets.