ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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OFFSET is: a. In banking, the deduction by a debtor from a claim or demand of a debt or obligation. Such an offset is based upon a counterclaim against the party making the original claim. Example: Seller makes a claim or files a lawsuit asking for $20,000 from Debtor as the final payment in purchase of a restaurant; as part of his defense Debtor claims an offset of $10,000 for alleged funds owed by Seller for repairs Debtor made on property owned by Seller, thus reducing the claim of Seller to $10,000; b. in accounting, the amount equaling or counterbalancing another amount on the opposite side of the same ledger or the ledger of another account; c. in securities, the elimination of a long or short position by making an opposite transaction. See also OFFSET ACCOUNT.
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RESTRICTION CONTROL, in accounting, is one type of inference control over output from a database. To prevent a user who has access only to summary information from inferring details of a particular record the user can see the results from only five or more records combined, not fewer than five records.
ANNUAL REPORT is the requirement for all public companies to file an annual report with the Securities and Exchange Commission detailing the preceding years financial results and plans for the upcoming year. Its regulatory version is called "Form 10 K." The report contains financial information concerning a companys assets, liabilities, earnings, profits, and other year-end statistics. The annual report is also the most widely-read shareholder communication.