ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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PEP see PERSONAL EQUITY PLAN.
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ASSET REVALUATION RESERVE is an accounting concept and represents a reassessment of the value of a capital asset as at a particular date. The reserve is considered a category of the equity of the entity. An asset is originally recorded in the accounts at its cost and depreciated periodically over its estimated useful life as a measure of the amount of the assets value consumed in that period. In practice, the actual useful life of an asset can be miscalculated or an event can cause a change to the useful life. Consequently, assets occasionally need to be revalued in order to reflect a more close approximation to their "worth" in the accounts. When the asset is revalued, the offsetting entry (in a double entry accounting system) would be either made to the profit or loss accounts or to the equity of the entity.
MARGINAL BENEFIT takes into account the fact that the more an entity has or devotes to something, the less benefit that is likely to be derived from the additional units applied, e.g. additional labor hours expended to complete a task can be of questionable benefit if parts, tools, or machines cannot optimally absorb the additional labor applied, i.e. the additional hours devoted would be of marginal benefit.