ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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PLEDGE is a. the transfer or assignment of assets as collateral to secure payment of a debt obligation as when securities are pledged to a lender for a loan secured by the owner of the securities. When securities a pledged, the lender frequently requires the physical transfer of the collateral to preclude possibility of using the same asset for additional pledging; b. the deposit or placing of personal property as security for a debt or other obligation with a person called a pledgee. The pledgee has the implied power to sell the property if the debt is not paid. If the debt is paid, the right to possession returns to the pledgor; or, c. a written or oral agreement to contribute cash or other assets.
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PER DIEM is a. one every day (e.g., save 10 man-hours per diem) or, b. payment of daily expenses and/or fees of an employee or an agent.
NO-LOAD FUND is a mutual fund sold directly to investors without commissions paid to salesmen or other up-front costs. Some funds charge surrender fees, although a pure no-load fund has no sales, exit or marketing fees.