ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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POSITIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY Definition
POSITIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY is where theorists tend to explain why some accounting practices are more popular than others (e.g., because they increase management compensation). They tend to support their conclusions with inductive theory and empirical evidence as opposed to deductive methods. Generally avoid advocacy of one accounting rule as being better or worse than its alternatives. Positivists are inspired by anecdotal evidence, but anecdotal evidence is never permitted without more rigorous and controlled scientific investigation.
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SAMPLING ERROR is the fact that unless 100% of a population is examined, there is some chance the sample results will mislead the examiner. This risk is sampling error.
The larger the sample, the less chance of sampling error and the greater the
reliability of the results.
OUTPUT VAT is VAT on a companys sales. See also VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT).