ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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POSITIVE ASSURANCE Definition
POSITIVE ASSURANCE, in accounting, is a statement as to what the CPA believes. An example is an opinion that the financial statements are presented fairly in conformity with U.S. GAAP. The opposite is negative assurance, a statement about what the CPA does not know. A statement that the CPA was "not aware of material modifications that should be made to financial statements for them to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles" is negative assurance used in review reports.
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EMPLOYEE STOCK OWNERSHIP PLAN (ESOP) is an employee benefit to acquire ownership of shares in their company without necessarily laying out personal capital.
IMPAIRED ASSETS, in banking, applies to all problem assets which banks hold, and is not limited to problem loans. In addition to loans, it also captures off- balance sheet exposures and assets which have come onto banks balance sheets through enforcement of security conditions. See IMPAIRMENT OF VALUE.