ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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PREPAYMENT RISK Definition
PREPAYMENT RISK, in the area of mortgage-backed securities, which are backed by loans on property, is the possibility that home owners will payoff their mortgages early, returning the investor's principal earlier than expected. This typically occurs during a declining interest rate environment, when home owners can refinance at lower rates, leaving investors vulnerable to the risk of reinvestment at lower rates.
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SUPERANNUATION is a. the act of discharging someone because of age (especially to cause someone to retire from service on a pension) or, b. a monthly payment made to someone who is retired from work.
KEEP-WELL AGREEMENTS, also known as comfort letters, are documents from one party written to another party in regards to contingent liability. Comfort letters have been held by courts to be legally enforceable commitments if they meet certain standards criteria of language. Comfort letters meeting these standards are loss contingencies in that they are construed to guarantee a financial commitment and must be reported under Statement of Financial Accounting Standard 5 as a guarantee. Auditors should review the language of all comfort letters and seek to discover contingent liabilities not disclosed in financial statements in situations where comfort letters exist. Sources of information concerning the contingent liabilities of comfort letters include: management and third parties. Auditors should document within the client representations letter management assurances that loss contingencies have been reported.