ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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STEPPED COSTS Definition
STEPPED COSTS is a cost that increases by a reasonably constant sum each time volume or activity increases by a predictable, constant, multiple. The smallest step costs are variable costs, which increase by a discrete amount each time output or activity increases by one unit. Larger steps will consist of what are, effectively, fixed costs over a particular range of output. Some costs increase, or decrease, in significant steps when output or activity passes certain limits. For instance, if a bus company regularly has more passengers on a route than can be carried by a single vehicle it may be necessary to use an additional bus. Running an additional bus will double the cost of operating on that route. Similarly, a manufacturing firm may have a policy of employing one supervisor for every ten production workers. In which case the firm will need one supervisor for 1-10 employees, two supervisors for 11-20 employees, and so on. So, if demand rises to the point where 21 production employees are required an extra supervisor must be employed. Costs that behave in this way are called stepped costs.
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MONEY SUPPLY is the three categories of money supply (MI, M2, M3) as defined by the U.S. Federal Reserve Board.
M1 The sum of-currency held by the public, plus travelers' checks, plus demand deposits, plus other checkable deposits-i.e., negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) accounts, automatic transfer service (ATS) accounts and credit union share drafts.
M2 MI plus savings accounts and small-denomination time deposits, plus shares in money market mutual funds (other than those restricted to institutional investors) and overnight Eurodollars and repurchase agreements.
M3 M2 plus large-denomination time deposits (over $100,000) at all depository institutions, large-denomination term repurchase agreements and shares in money market mutual funds restricted to institutional investors.
ERROR OF OMISSION is an error which occurs as a result of an action not taken. In accounting, the error occurs when both the entries required for a transaction are completely omitted from the books.