ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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UNREALIZED is an event having occurred but not yet reflected in a transaction. This refers to unrealized gains and losses, which have not happened but would happen if the investor sold the security or asset that an entity currently holds. Unrealized gains are not usually taxable. It is the opposite of realized.
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NET OPERATING LOSS (NOL) is experienced by a business when business deductions exceed business income for the fiscal year. For income tax purposes, a net operating loss can be used to offset income in a prior year, or a taxpayer can elect to forego the carry back and carry the net operating loss forward.
INCREMENTAL COST OF CAPITAL is the weighted cost of the additional capital raised in a given period. Weighted cost of capital, also called composite cost of capital, is the weighted average of costs applicable to the issues of debt and classes of equity that compose the firm's capital structure. Also called marginal cost of capital.