ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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WHEN-ISSUED, in securities, is a transaction made conditionally because a security, although authorized, has not yet been issued, e.g, new issues of stocks or bonds, stocks that have been split and Treasury securities are all traded on a when-issued basis.
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PRIVATE LEDGER see LEDGER.
OPERATIONAL GEARING is the higher the proportion of fixed costs relative to variable operating costs, the higher the operational gearing. This results in greater business risk. A retailer has high fixed costs relative to variable costs, so has a lot of business risk. See GEARING and FINANCIAL GEARING.