ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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DEFERRED, in accounting, is any account where the asset or liability is not realized until a future date, e.g. annuities, charges, taxes, income, etc. The deferred item may be carried, dependent on type of deferral, as either an asset or liability.
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LADDER is a form of diversification in which investments with widely varying maturities are held within an investment portfolio. Spreading investments over a range of maturities reduces interest rate risk on reinvestment by averaging out interest rate cycles. This strategy assures a continuous cash flow over time with some potential sacrifice of optimum total return.
NEGATIVE ASSURANCE, in accounting, is a statement of what the CPA does not know as opposed to what the CPA believes (positive assurance). A statement that the CPA was "not aware of material modifications that should be made to financial statements for them to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles" is negative assurance used in review reports.