ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE Definition
FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE (FOMC) is a 12-member committee consisting of the seven members of the Federal Reserve Bank and five of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank presidents. The president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is a permanent member while the other Federal Reserve presidents serve on a rotating basis. The committee sets objectives for the growth of money and credit that are implemented through purchases and sales of U.S. Government securities in the open market. The FOMC also establishes policy relating to Federal Reserve System operations in the foreign exchange markets.
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LOAN STOCK is stock bearing a fixed rate of interest. Unlike a debenture, loan stock may or may not be secured.
HIGH YIELD (JUNK) is bonds and preferred stocks having an S&P/Moody's rating of BB+/Ba1 or lower, and NAIC ratings of"3", "4", "5", or "6". Below investment grade securities have greater risk and therefore compensate investors with higher market yields. In addition to new issues, high yield securities can evolve from older issues with declining ratings, or can be created through leveraged buyouts where management uses the assets of the company as collateral for the issue.