ACCOUNTING TERMS - ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY - ACCOUNTING GLOSSARY
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GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION Definition
GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (GNMA) is a corporation owned by the U.S. Government within the Department of Housing and Urban Development with the authority to fully guarantee the timely payment of principal and interest on securities collateralized by FHA-insured or VA-guaranteed mortgages. GNMA is commonly called "Ginnie Mae:' GNMA I securities are single-issuer pools. GNMA II securities are collateralized by multiple-issuer pools or custom pools (one issuer but different interest rates that may vary within one percentage point). Multiple-issuer pools are known as "Jumbos:' Standard GNMAs have a stated maturity of 30 years.
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SAVINGS ACCOUNTS are client accounts maintained by banks, savings & loan associations, credit unions, and mutual savings banks that pay interest but can not be used directly as money. These accounts let customers set aside a portion of their liquid assets that could be used to make purchases. But to make those purchases, savings account balances must be transferred to "transactions deposits" (or "checkable deposits") or currency. However, this transference is easy enough that savings accounts are often termed near money. Savings accounts, as such constitute a sizeable portion of the M2 monetary aggregate. With savings accounts you can make withdrawals, but you do not have the flexibility of using checks to do so. As with an MMDAs (money market deposit account), the number of withdrawals or transfers you can make on the account each month is usually limited.
FACTOR is the proportion of the outstanding principal balance of a mortgage or asset-backed security to its original principal balance expressed as a decimal.