A&M Definition

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A&M is Additions and Maintenance.

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FLAG OF CONVENIENCE (FOC) involves the opportunistic registration of ships with national governments that do not impose or effectively administer agreed international standards regarding seaworthiness, safety and health, officer and crew competencies, and employment conditions. For the governments concerned FOC shipping is an easy way to make money. Registration comes at a price in return for turning a blind eye to maritime responsibility, decency and common sense. The classic FOC host has little to do legitimately with the sea and seafaring. For owners of FOC ships, often hidden in corporate mazes and having little to otherwise do with the registering authority, the device is a way of increasing profit margins or turning quick profits.

COUPON is: 1) The annual interest rate on a fixed income security, set at the time it was issued, at which that instru­ment will accrue and pay interest. 2) Small pieces of paper attached to nonregistered interest-bearing instru­ments that reflect the semiannual amounts of interest to be paid. These coupons are cut out and tendered on the appropriate coupon dates, and the interest is then paid.

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