ABATEMENT Definition

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ABATEMENT, in general, is the reduction or lessening. In law, it is the termination or suspension of a lawsuit. For example, an abatement of taxes is a tax decrease or rebate.

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NET RECEIVABLES are a companys accounts receivable (money owed to the company) minus any provisions for bad debts. A firm with a sustainable competitive advantage shows a lower percentage net receivables to gross sales than their competitors, i.e. a firm with a sustainable competitive advantage need not be generous with credit.

FUND BALANCE is when liabilities are subtracted from assets, there is a fund balance. A positive fund balance means there are more assets than liabilities; a negative fund balance means just the opposite. Fund balance can be complicated by the fact that part of the fund balance is reserved and part unreserved. The difference between reserved and unreserved is that the unreserved can potentially be authorized for future expenditures while the reserved cannot. Additionally, the fund balance is a residual and not necessarily a cash amount.

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