ABOVE THE LINE, a. in accounting, denotes revenue and expense items that enter fully and directly into the calculation of periodic net income, in contrast to below the line items that affect capital accounts directly and net income only indirectly; and, b. for the individual, is a term derived from a solid bold line on Form 1040 and 1040A above the line for adjusted gross income. Items above the line prior to coming to adjusted gross income, for example, can include: IRA contributions, half of the self-employment tax, self-employed health insurance deduction, Keogh retirement plan and self-employed SEP deduction, penalty on early withdrawal of savings, and alimony paid. A taxpayer can take deductions above the line and still claim the standard deduction.
Z as the fifth letter of a Nasdaq stock symbol indicates that the listing is a fifth class of preferred, a stub, a limited partnership interest, second class of warrants, or foreign preferred upon issuance.
FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FNMA) is a private corporation chartered by the U.S. Government to provide mortgage money for home buyers. FNMA buys mortgages from lenders and sells mortgages to investors. FNMA guarantees the timely payment of both interest and principal. Also known as "Fannie Mae".
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