ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS Definition

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ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS are the assumptions underlying the preparation of financial statements, i.e., the basic assumptions of going concern, accruals, consistency and prudence.

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BOOK ENTRY TRANSACTION, in securities, is a transaction that does not entail physical transfer of paper securities. An entry is made on the books of a safekeeping depository showing the beneficial owner of the securities. This has become a standard transaction method for all U.S. Treasury, many U.S. Government agency securities and many tax­able and tax-exempt instruments.

COVERAGE RATIO is a measure of a corporations ability to meet a certain type of expense. In general, a high coverage ratio indicates a better ability to meet the expense in question. Examples: dividend coverage, fixed-charge coverage, interest coverage, preferred dividend coverage.

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