ACCOUNTING CYCLE is the sequence of steps in preparing the financial statements for a given period. It refers to the fact that because financial reports are given each period (usually a year) there are a set of steps (cycle) taken each period that result in the reports and preparation for the next period or cycle. The term cycle is used because every period there is a start and an end. The cycle usually starts with the budget, goes through the journal entries, adjusting entries, posting to the accounts, financial reports, and closings.
EF&L is Errors, Fines and Losses.
OUT-OF-THE-MONEY OPTION is an option that has no intrinsic value; for example, an option whose strike price, in the case of a put, is lower than the stocks current price, or in the case of a call, is higher. An investor who buys an out-of-the-money option is speculating that the option will rise in value and become in-the-money. See IN-THE-MONEY OPTION.
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