ACCOUNTING CYCLE is the sequence of steps in preparing the financial statements for a given period. It refers to the fact that because financial reports are given each period (usually a year) there are a set of steps (cycle) taken each period that result in the reports and preparation for the next period or cycle. The term cycle is used because every period there is a start and an end. The cycle usually starts with the budget, goes through the journal entries, adjusting entries, posting to the accounts, financial reports, and closings.
FIRM is members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments, e.g. a legal or accounting firm.
VALUES is the beliefs of a person, corporation or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something), e.g. corporations formalize their ideals through publication of 'Corporate Values'.
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