ACCOUNTING ENTITY ASSUMPTION states that a business is a separate legal entity from the owner. In the accounts the business' monetary transactions are recorded only.
DEBIT RECORD (DR) is an entry in a double-entry bookkeeping system recording an increase in an asset or an expense, or a decrease in liability, or owners equity item. Debit entries are conventionally made on the left-hand side of T accounts.
STABLE UNIT OF MEASURE, in accounting, assumes that money is used as the basic measuring unit for financial reporting. Money is the common denominator in which accounting measurements are made and summarized. The dollar, or any other monetary unit, represents a unit of value; that is, it reflects an ability to command goods and services. Implicit in the use of money as a measuring unit is the assumption that the dollar is a stable unit of value, just as the kilometer is a stable unit of distance and the hectare is a stable unit of area.
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