ACCOUNTING ENTITY Definition

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ACCOUNTING ENTITY is an organization, institution or being that has its own existence for legal or tax purposes. An accounting entity is often an organization with an existence separate from its individual members--for example, a corporation, partnership, trust, etc. See also ACCOUNTING ENTITY ASSUMPTION.

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MONETARY POLICY is U.S. Federal Reserve actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability and a sustainable pattern of inter­national transactions. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, adjustments in reserve require­ments and changes in the discount rate.

ENCUMBRANCE is a) a right or interest in land owned by someone other than the owner of the land itself; examples include easements, leases, mortgages, and restrictive covenants; or, b) in accounting, an encumbrance is an anticipated expenditure, or funds restricted for anticipated expenditures, such as for outstanding purchase orders.

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