ACCOUNTING ENTITY Definition

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ACCOUNTING ENTITY is an organization, institution or being that has its own existence for legal or tax purposes. An accounting entity is often an organization with an existence separate from its individual members--for example, a corporation, partnership, trust, etc. See also ACCOUNTING ENTITY ASSUMPTION.

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UNCOLLECTIBLE ACCOUNT EXPENSE, also known as a bad-debt expense, is that expense incurred in the unsuccessful attempt to realize payment of a Account Receivable. Uncollectible account expenses must be incurred in the time period in which the related sales are made, e.g. an AR that originates from a credit sale in January and is determined to be uncollectible in June represents an expense in January.

FUTURES CONTRACT is an agreement to buy or sell a specific amount of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price on a specified future date. Futures con­tracts are traded on a commodity exchange and used both for speculation and hedging.

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