ACCOUNTING RESEARCH BULLETINS (ARBs) were issued years ago to set generally
accepted accounting principles. Some have not been superseded by pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Those old pronouncements still qualify as generally accepted accounting principles.
ROLL FORWARD, in accounting, it is the systematic establishment of a new accounting periods balances by using (rolling forward) prior accounting period data. There are two approaches: 1. Roll forward both asset and liabilities on a consistent basis from a consistent earlier date (possibly the last annual review) or, take the most up to date asset and liability figures as the starting point (which may be at different dates) to produce roll forward estimates of assets and liabilities; in securities, it is when an investor replaces an old options position with a new one having a later expiration date (and same strike price).
FLOAT is 1. the time between the deposit of checks in a bank and when the amount is truly accessible; 2. the amount of funds represented by checks that have been written but not yet presented for payment. Some entities will play the float by writing checks although there are insufficient funds actually on deposit to cover the checks; and, 3. total shares outstanding less any shares held by officers, directors or beneficial owners of 10% or more. Also called publicly held shares.
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