ACCRUAL BASIS OF ACCOUNTING is wherein revenue and expenses are recorded in the period in which they are earned or incurred regardless of whether cash is received or disbursed in that period. This is the accounting basis that generally is required to be used in order to conform to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in preparing financial statements for external users.
FINANCIAL FORECASTS are prospective financial statements that present expected future financial position, results of operations, and cash flows based on expected conditions, i.e. a financial forecast is of the most likely future scenario.
STOCKTAKING is the process of counting and evaluating stock-in-trade, usually at an organizations year end in order to value the total stock for preparation of the accounts. In more sophisticated organizations, in which permanent stock records are maintained, stock is counted on a random basis throughout the year to compare quantities counted with the quantities that appear in the, usually, computerized records.
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