ACCRUAL BOND is a bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid out to the investor during the time of accrual; instead, the accrual interest is added to the amount of remaining principal and paid at maturity. Also known as an accretion bond or a Z-bond in a CMO issue. See Collateralized Mortgage Obligation.
GROSS SURPLUS RATIO measures the margin on each dollar of operating revenue for the entity in question. The operating results before interest and depreciation, or gross surplus, are calculated as a percentage of total operating revenue. The gross surplus ratio shows the gross surplus as a percentage of the entitys turnover. If the percentage is high this could be interpreted as a sign that the entity is operating efficiently.
VALUES is the beliefs of a person, corporation or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something), e.g. corporations formalize their ideals through publication of 'Corporate Values'.
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