ACCRUAL BOND is a bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid out to the investor during the time of accrual; instead, the accrual interest is added to the amount of remaining principal and paid at maturity. Also known as an accretion bond or a Z-bond in a CMO issue. See Collateralized Mortgage Obligation.
EQUIPMENT is generally determined by the meeting of three tests: a. Has an acquisition cost that is equal to or more than the cost hurdle for classifying capitalized assets. Includes: Invoice amount, sales tax, freight costs, installation costs, costs for the initial complement of supplies needed to place the asset into service, accessory and auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it was acquired; less trade or trade in discounts and/or educational allowances Excludes: Federal Excise tax, duty, insurance, maintenance and warranty costs; and, b. Has a useful life of two or more years If the item will not have a useful life of more than two years it is considered expendable material, even if it costs more than the level for determining a capital asset; and, c. Is a stand alone item. The item is not permanently attached to or integrated into a building or structure.
EFFICIENCY is the ratio of the output to the input of any system.
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