ACCRUAL BOND is a bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid out to the investor during the time of accrual; instead, the accrual interest is added to the amount of remaining principal and paid at maturity. Also known as an accretion bond or a Z-bond in a CMO issue. See Collateralized Mortgage Obligation.
RETURN ON NET WORTH see RETURN ON STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY.
LEAST-SQUARED METHOD of approximating cost is a statistical approach that is both objective and considers all the data points. By using mathematical formulas to arrive at the best possible cost line (i.e., the regression line), it is more accurate than the methods mentioned previously. The regression line is in the form Y=a + bX, where X is the independent variable and Y is the dependent variable. The coefficient of determination (R2) can be used to judge the line's goodness of fit.
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