ADDITIONAL PAID IN CAPITAL is the amounts paid for stock in excess of its par value; included are other amounts paid by stockholders and charged to equity accounts other than capital stock.
DEBT REFINANCING involves raising new money to repay existing debt. It is often done and should not be confused with debt restructuring, a more fundamental process in which a borrower changes the structure of its debts (this usually happens when a borrower is unable to meet it's obligations; this may involve a reorganization of its liabilities, for instance by converting debt into equity. Debt rescheduling refers to a delay in the repayment of a debt, usually applying to both interest and principal payments, and can involve a renegotiation of the terms of the debt.
LETTER OF CREDIT (LOC) is a legal document issued by a buyer's bank that upon presentation of required documents payment would be made. Usually confirmed by the sellers bank, protection is given to the seller that payment will be made if the goods are shipped correctly, and protection is given to the buyer that the goods will be shipped before payment is made.
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