ADJUSTMENT can be either: 1. an increase or decrease to an account resulting from ADJUSTING ENTRIES; or, 2. changing an account balance due to some event, e.g., adjustment of an account due to the return of merchandise for credit.
CAPITATION, generally, is a tax or payment levied on the basis of a fixed amount per person. In medical insurance, it is a method of paying for healthcare services on the basis of the number of patients who are covered for specific services over a specified period of time rather than the cost or number of services that are actually provided.
CASH PORTION is that percentage of assets consisting of the legal tender of the amounts in question; the balance of which is the non-cash portion; an example, a transaction where a corporation is acquired via a combination of cash and stock.
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