ADVISORY SERVICES is a consulting service in which the CPA develops the findings, conclusions, and recommendations presented for client decision-making.
This differs from attestation, where the CPA expresses a conclusion about a written assertion of another.
SCIENTER THEORY is based on the word scienter, which is Latin for "having knowledge." In criminal law, the theory refers to knowledge by a defendant that his/her acts were illegal or his/her statements were lies and thus fraudulent. In securities, it is to knowingly transact a fraudulent securities deal.
CONSUMMATE is to bring to completion or fruition; conclude, e.g., consummate a business transaction.
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