AGENCY COSTS is the incremental costs of having an Agent make decisions for a principal.
LETTER OF GUARANTEE is a written promise issued by a bank to compensate (pay a sum of money) to the beneficiary (third party, local or foreign) in the event that the obligor (customer) fails to honor its obligations in accordance with the terms and conditions of the guarantee/agreement/contract.
CONTRIBUTION MARGIN (CM) is the difference between sales and the variable costs of the product or service, also called marginal income. It is the amount of money available to cover fixed costs and generate profits.
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