AGING OF ACCOUNTS is the classification of accounts by the time elapsed after the date of billing or the due date. The longer a customers account remains uncollected or the longer inventory is held, the greater is its realization risk. If a customers account is past due, the company also has an Opportunity Cost of funds tied-up in the receivable that could be invested elsewhere for a return. An aging schedule of accounts receivable may break down receivables from 1-30 days, 31-60 days, 61-90 days, and over 90 days. With regard to inventory, if it is held too long, obsolescence, spoilage, and technological problems may result. Aging can be done for other accounts such as fixed assets and accounts payable. See also ACCOUNT AGING.
PENSION is a regular payment to a person that is intended to allow them to subsist without working, e.g. a retirement fund for employees paid for or contributed to by an employer as part of a package of compensation for the employees work.
STANDARD OF VALUE is the identification of the type of value being utilized in a specific engagement; e.g. fair market value, fair value, investment value.
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