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COMMON SIZE ANALYSIS, as used in vertical analysis of financial statements, an item is used as a base value and all other accounts in the financial statement are compared to this base value. On the balance sheet, total assets equal 100% and each asset is stated as a percentage of total assets. Similarly, total liabilities and stockholders equity are assigned 100%, with a given liability or equity account stated as a percentage of total liabilities and stockholders equity. On the income statement, 100% is assigned to net sales, with all revenue and expense accounts then related to it in percentages. See COMMON SIZED PERCENTAGES.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATE is when a company must make assumptions about matters that are "highly uncertain" when the company makes the accounting estimate and either of the following conditions would have a material effect on the company's financial condition, changes in financial condition or results of operations: 1. the company could reasonably have used a different estimate for the current period; or, 2.changes in the estimate are reasonably likely to occur from period to period in the future.

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