ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL DEBTS see ALLOWANCE FOR BAD DEBTS.
VARIANCE ANALYSIS is the analysis of performance by means of variances. Used to promote management action at the earliest possible stages. After a budget (based on standard costs) has been set, its usefulness lies in the review procedures which compare actual results against the budget. Variance analysis is the process of examining in detail each variance between actual and budgeted/expected/standard costs to determine the reasons why budgeted results were not met (material costs too high, sales prices too low, etc.).
GRADUATED PAYMENT MORTGAGE (GPM) ia a mortgage that features negative amortization in which early payments are insufficient to pay the interest due on the outstanding principal. As a result, the unpaid interest is added to the principal, thereby increasing the balance owed. The payments must graduate or increase over time until they can completely amortize the loan's remaining principal balance by its maturity. The number, frequency and rate of increases are specified in the original contract.
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