ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL DEBTS Definition

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ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL DEBTS see ALLOWANCE FOR BAD DEBTS.

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GIFTS-IN-KIND are non-cash gifts of tangible or intangible property. Tangible property can fall into two distinct categories, and its value is derived from its physical existence: 1. objects, such as equipment, software, automobiles, printed materials, etc.; or, 2. services, such as providing photography services. Intangible personal property is property whose value stems from intangible elements, e.g. patents and copyrights.

PAYBACK PERIOD, in capital budgeting, is the length of time needed to recoup the cost of CAPITAL INVESTMENT. The payback period is the ratio of the initial investment (cash outlay, regardless of the source of the cash) to the annual cash inflows for the recovery period. The major shortcoming for the payback period method is that it does not take into account cash flows after the payback period and is therefore not a measure of the profitability of an investment project. For this reason, analysts generally prefer the DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW methods of capital budgeting; primarily, the INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN and the NET PRESENT VALUE methods.

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