ALPHA is the measurement of returns from an investment in excess of market returns. It represents the amount expected from fundamental causes, e.g. the growth rate in earnings per share. This contrasts with BETA, which is a measure of risk or volatility.
TARIFF, AD VAL OREM is a tariff determined as a percentage of the value of the goods.
FUNDAMENTALS are factors which are 'fundamental' to the working of a company's business, its profitability, operating costs, product prices, technical innovations, etc. Company analysis taking into account these fundamental factors facilitates share valuation. See FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS.
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