ALPHA is the measurement of returns from an investment in excess of market returns. It represents the amount expected from fundamental causes, e.g. the growth rate in earnings per share. This contrasts with BETA, which is a measure of risk or volatility.
REPLACEMENT VALUE CONCEPT, in insurance, is loss coverage for assets at the cost required to purchase like assets at market value. The replacement value concept eliminates the often troublesome factor of used or depreciated value when claims for losses are adjusted.
DAYS SALES OUTSTANDING (DS0), also known as Collection Period (period average), is a financial indicator that shows both the age, in terms of days, of a companys accounts receivable and the average time it takes to turn the receivables into cash. It is compared to company and industry averages, as well as company selling terms (e.g., Net 30) for determination of acceptability by the company. DSO is calculated: DSO = (Total Receivables/Total Credit Sales in the Period Analyzed) x Number of Days in the Period Analyzed. Note: Only credit sales are to be used. Cash sales are excluded.
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