ANNUAL REPORT is the requirement for all public companies to file an annual report with the Securities and Exchange Commission detailing the preceding years financial results and plans for the upcoming year. Its regulatory version is called "Form 10 K." The report contains financial information concerning a companys assets, liabilities, earnings, profits, and other year-end statistics. The annual report is also the most widely-read shareholder communication.
DOCUMENT RETENTION POLICY is a set of guidelines that a company follows to determine how long it should keep certain records, including e-mail and web pages. The policy is important for many reasons, including legal requirements that apply to some documents. For example: a. for tax-related items - the recommended retention is seven years; and, b. for real estate records - the recommended retention is twenty years.
HISTORICAL COST CONVENTION is that assets are recorded at their initial cost and are not subsequently revalued upwards, and liabilities valued at the amount initially received in exchange for the obligation. The relevance of the convention is that figures remain objectively based on verifiable figures, but in times of high inflation historical cost can become a dubious convention to follow.
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