ANNUAL REPORT is the requirement for all public companies to file an annual report with the Securities and Exchange Commission detailing the preceding years financial results and plans for the upcoming year. Its regulatory version is called "Form 10 K." The report contains financial information concerning a companys assets, liabilities, earnings, profits, and other year-end statistics. The annual report is also the most widely-read shareholder communication.
EQUITY SHARE is a. a share or class of shares whether or not the share carries voting rights, b. any warrants, options or rights entitling their holders to purchase or acquire the shares referred to under (a), or c. other prescribed securities. An equity share is a perpetual liability because it signifies an owners legal demand upon the assets of the entity in which the equity share if held. See also COMMON STOCK.
CONSISTENCY is using the same accounting procedures by an accounting entity from period to period. That means using similar measurement concepts and procedures for related items within the company's financial statements for one period.
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