ANOMALY Definition

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ANOMALY, generally, is a deviation from the common rule. It is an irregularity that is difficult to explain using existing rules or theory. In securities, it is an unexplained or unexpected price or rate relationship that seems to offer an opportunity for an arbitrage-type profit, although not typically without risk. Examples include the tendency of small stocks to outperform large stocks, of stocks with low price-to-book value ratios to outperform stocks with high price-to-book value ratios, and of discount currency forward contracts to outperform premium currency forward contracts.

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4 Cs OF CREDIT are the four primary considerations that will affect a lenders decision to approve or decline your loan application. Known as the 4 C's of credit:

  1. Capacity - what is your ability to repay the loan? Do you have a job or another income source? Do you have other debts?
  2. Character - will you repay the loan? Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time?
  3. Collateral - if you fail to repay your loan, is there something of value that you agree to forfeit? For example, if you are buying your first car, it could be used as collateral to insure that you will repay the loan. If you default, you lose your car.
  4. Capital (accumulation) - what are you worth? Do you have other assets, such as a savings account, car, or certificate of deposit that could be used to repay the debt?

THEORY OF CONSTRAINTS is a management approach that focuses on identifying and relaxing the constraints that limit an organizations ability to reach a higher level of goal attainment.

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