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ARGUMENT IN ACCOUNTING usually revolves around the premise that characterizes fair values of assets as being more relevant but less reliable than their historical costs, with fair value being ultimately more informative only if its increased relevance outweighs its reduced reliability.

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INVERSE FLOATING RATE is a security that has a fixed maturity with a coupon rate that is reset at a pre-specified amount, minus a given short-term rate or index, such as 18% minus the six-month LIBOR rate, or 30% minus three times the 30-day commercial paper composite rate. These instruments provide a way to hedge against lower short-term rates and/or a steeper yield curoe without extending the maturity. As short­term rates decline, the coupon rate increases.

ADJUNCT ACCOUNT is an account that accumulates either additions or subtractions to another account. Thus the original account may retain its identity. Examples include premiums on bonds payable, which is a contra account to bonds payable; and accumulated depreciation, which is an offset to the fixed asset.

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