ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION is the primary legal document of a corporation; they serve as a corporations constitution. The articles are filed with the state government to begin corporate existence. The articles contain basic information on the corporation as required by state law.
SUBSTANCE OVER FORM is an accounting concept where the entity is accounting for items according to their substance and economic reality and not merely their legal form. This concept is one of the key determinants of reliable information. For most transactions there will be no difference, so no issue arises. In some cases however, the two diverge and the choice of how to present the transactions can give very different results. This difference occurs when an asset or liability is not recognized in the accounts even though benefits or obligations may result from the transaction, or oppositely.
ASSOCIATE, in business, is a person brought together with a company or another person into a relationship in any of various intangible ways.
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