ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION is the primary legal document of a corporation; they serve as a corporations constitution. The articles are filed with the state government to begin corporate existence. The articles contain basic information on the corporation as required by state law.
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (GNP) is the total dollar value of all final goods and services produced for consumption in society during a particular time period. The GNP does include allowances for depreciation and indirect business taxes such as those on sales and property. Gross national product is the output of labor and property of US nationals regardless of the location of the labor and property. Gross National Product includes income earned by the factors of production (assets and labor) owned by a countrys residents but excludes income produced within the countrys borders by factors of production owned by nonresidents.
EQUITY RISK PREMIUM is a rate of return in addition to a risk-free rate to compensate for investing in equity instruments because they have a higher degree of probable risk than risk-free instruments (a component of the cost of equity capital or equity discount rate).
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