ASRB is Accounting Standards Review Board.
PARALLEL SIMULATION TESTING is the simultaneous performance of multiple operations. It provides evidence of the validity of processing if the second processing system yields the same results as the first. Auditors use their own generalized audit software to process the same data as was processed by the client’s software. If the output of the audit software is the same as the output of the client’s software that is evidence that the client’s software is performing properly.
DEPRECIATION is the amount of expense charged against earnings by a company to write off the cost of a plant or machine over its useful live, giving consideration to wear and tear, obsolescence, and salvage value. If the expense is assumed to be incurred in equal amounts in each business period over the life of the asset, the depreciation method used is straight line (SL). If the expense is assumed to be incurred in decreasing amounts in each business period over the life of the asset, the method used is said to be accelerated. Two commonly used variations of the accelerated method of depreciating an asset are the sum-of-years digits (SYD) and the double-declining balance (DDB) methods. Frequently, accelerated depreciation is chosen for a business tax expense but straight line is chosen for its financial reporting purposes.
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