ASSET BACKED SECURITY is a debt instrument collateralized by credit card receivables, auto loans or other assets and securitized by a bank or financial institution. To reduce the possibility of a disruption in principal and interest payments, the cash flow from these assets is enhanced by a variety of methods including letter of credit support, insurance, overcollateralization and excess interest.
PROPRIETARY THEORY is where no fundamental distinction is drawn between a legal entity and its owners, i.e. the entity does not exist separately from the owners for accounting purposes. The primary focus is to report information useful to the owners, and therefore the financial statements are prepared from their perspective. See ENTITY THEORY.
SHORT TERM ASSET is an asset expected to be converted into cash within the normal operating cycle (usually one year), e.g. accounts receivable and inventory.
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