ASSOCIATE, in business, is a person brought together with a company or another person into a relationship in any of various intangible ways.
BACKORDER is a customer order or contractual line item, current or past due, that cannot be shipped due to lack of inventory; dependent upon availability it will be shipped at some future date.
PRINCIPLES-BASED ACCOUNTING provides for few exact rules and little implementation guidance. Instead, general principles are put forward and companies must ensure that their financial statements fairly and accurately represent these principles. Proponents argue that this type of system does not allow for less than ethical financial engineering, where complex transactions are undertaken in order to get around following specific rules-based accounting standards. Critics believe a principles-based system allows too much leeway for companies, because they generally do not have to follow specific rules, only wide-arching principles. See also RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING.
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