ASSOCIATED CREDIT is where a charitable or a not for profit entity (a university for example) may acknowledge the efforts of persons, other than the legal donor(s), who were instrumental in facilitating or providing for a gift by providing 'soft' (or associated) credit for gifts. Associated credit allows the entity to acknowledge these efforts without compromising the entity's legal obligation to record the gift according to IRS regulations. Associated credit is given for donor recognition purposes, allowing their names to be listed in publications such as the "Report to Contributors" and other donor recognition publications. For example an individual may write a corporate gift to a university, i.e. the individual would get the associated credit. Also known as SOFT CREDIT.
HEDGING is strategy focused upon reducing exposure to risk of loss resulting from fluctuations in exchange rates, commodity prices, interest rates etc. Hedging in securities is taking two positions that will offset each other if prices change, thereby limiting financial risk.
OSHA (OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT) is a federal law in the United States that requires employers to provide employees with a workplace that is relatively free of hazardous conditions.
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