AUCTION-RATE PREFERRED STOCK is preferred stock issues in which dividends are reset every 49 days through a Dutch Auction bidding process. These securities are known by many names coined by the underwriters who bring them to market. Other names are: Auction Market Preferred Stock (AMPS), Cumulative Auction Market Preferred Stock (CAMPS), Dutch Auction-Rate Transferrable Securities (DARTS), Floating-Rate Auction Preferred Stock (FRAPS), Market Auction Preferred Stock (MAPS), Rate Adjustable Preferred Stock (RAPS), Short-Term Auction-Rate Stock (STARS) and Money Market Preferred (MMP).
BUFFER is anything that stands between two other things. For example, an inventory buffer would be additional inventory over and above committed or planned inventory. The inventory buffer will act as an inventory reserve to ensure that sufficient inventory is available when and if required, i.e., the buffer inventory stands between committed inventory and out-of-stock status.
FINANCING MARGIN RATIO (FMR) is the margin to be maintained between the debit balance and the actual security value as stipulated in the Facility Letter or any other margin as stipulated by a lending bank from time to time as the FMR.
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