AUDIT Definition

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AUDIT is the inspection of the accounting records and procedures of a business, government unit, or other reporting entity by a trained accountant for the purpose of verifying the accuracy and completeness of the records. It could be conducted by a member of the organization (internal audit) or by an outsider (independent audit). A CPA audit determines the overall validity of financial statements. A tax audit (IRS in the U.S.) determines whether the appropriate tax was paid. An internal audit generally determines whether the company's procedures are followed and whether embezzlement or other illegal activity occurred.

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LOCKED QUOTATION is a temporary condition, normally associated with fast-moving, active markets, where the ask price of one Market Maker in a given security is the same or lower than the bid price of another Market Maker, thereby producing locked or crossed quotations, respectively. Trading continues to occur. Also known as a CROSSED QUOTATION.

UNUSUAL GAINS AND LOSSES are material gains and losses that are either unusual or occur infrequently, but not both, are excluded from the extraordinary item classification See EXTRAORDINARY ITEMS.

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