AUDIT Definition

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AUDIT is the inspection of the accounting records and procedures of a business, government unit, or other reporting entity by a trained accountant for the purpose of verifying the accuracy and completeness of the records. It could be conducted by a member of the organization (internal audit) or by an outsider (independent audit). A CPA audit determines the overall validity of financial statements. A tax audit (IRS in the U.S.) determines whether the appropriate tax was paid. An internal audit generally determines whether the company's procedures are followed and whether embezzlement or other illegal activity occurred.

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NON-INTEREST BEARING BOND is a bond issued at a discount from its par value and not paying any interest to the holder. The interest earned is determined by the difference between the redemption price and the purchased price. U.S. Treasury bills are an example of non-interest bearing bonds.

MAJORITY INTEREST is an ownership interest greater than fifty percent (50%) of the voting interest in a business enterprise.

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