AUDIT SCOPE refers to the activities covered by an internal audit. Audit scope includes, where appropriate: audit objectives; nature and extent of auditing procedures performed; Time period audited; and related activities not audited in order to delineate the boundaries of the audit.
PASS-THROUGH GRANTS as defined under GASB Statement 24 are grants "received by a recipient government to transfer to or spend on behalf of a secondary recipient" and should be recognized as revenues and expenditures/expenses in a governmental, proprietary or trust fund. The only exception to this requirement is if the recipient government serves only as a cash conduit (i.e., has no administrative or direct financial involvement in the program) in which case the grant should be reported in a GAAP agency fund.
BASIC DEFENSE INTERVAL (BDI) is a measure that if for some reason all of your revenues were to suddenly cease, the Basic Defense Interval (BDI) helps determine the number of days your company can cover its cash expenses without the aid of additional financing. The BDI is calculated: (Cash + Receivables + Marketable Securities) / ((Operating Expenses + Interest + Income Taxes) / 365) = Basic Defense Interval.
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